A kidney transplant surgery includes a procedure to plant a healthy and functional kidney from a donor to a person with a dysfunctional kidney. A kidney transplant is commonly required in people suffering from – Diabetes, Chronic high blood pressure, chronic glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, etc., especially when their kidneys lose filtering ability. Due to this, dangerous fluid and waste accumulate in the body, raising blood pressure and resulting in kidney failure. This is called End-Stage Kidney Disease, i.e., 90% of the kidney fails to perform its normal functions. A Kidney Transplantation is a very crucial procedure that expert hands must perform. Therefore, hospitals across the country have introduced the best and dedicated Transplant Unit, which offers comprehensive and extensive care to patients requiring kidney transplants to live a quality life.

Kidney Transplant – When and Why It Is Required?

The main function of the kidneys is to filter waste from the blood. In addition, they also help in regulating blood pressure as well as electrolyte balance in the body. Kidney failure may result in the obstruction of all these functions. Due to this, you may experience swelling of extremities, high blood pressure, decreased count of red blood cells, electrolyte imbalance in the body, etc. To avoid these complications in the body, you must get an immediate kidney Transplantation when you start to see any of the symptoms mentioned above. The advantage of getting a kidney transplant is that it is associated with:
  • Chance to live a better and comfortable life.
  • Lower risk to life
  • Minimum dietary restrictions
  • Affordable treatment

What are the Risks Involved In Kidney Transplant?

Generally, a kidney transplant does not involve any major risks. But, it is objective as certain risks can be associated with advanced age, chronic heart disease, active cancer, Dementia or any untreated mental illness, drug or alcohol addiction, etc. The risks that may involve are:
  • Organ Rejection
  • Blood clots
  • Infection
  • Cardiac stroke
Admittedly, a Kidney transplant is major surgery and has its risks. However, the merits of the surgery outweigh the risks. To reduce these risks, you must ensure a good healthy lifestyle and good health condition before the surgery. These risks can also be reduced by performing the surgery in the early stages of kidney failure. The best kidney transplant hospitals in Mumbai ensure adequate hygienic conditions and medication after the surgery. They provide quality care to kidney donors (living or deceased) to ensure a successful kidney transplant and lower any health risk.

What are the Kinds of Transplant Treatment Available?

If your doctor recommends you undergo kidney transplant surgery, you need to choose the transplant center wisely. You must check the number of surgeries performed by the center, their survival rate, kind of available treatment, availability of healthy donors, the charge of surgery, etc. The best kidney transplant hospitals in Mumbai provide the best and honest consultation and keep things transparent to avoid any anxiousness among the patients. With the introduction of modern surgery techniques, the following kinds of renal transplants are available:
  • Pre-Emptive / Early transplant – It is performed to avoid any health risk, as it is done even before the symptoms of kidney failure become visible in a patient.
  • Highly Sensitized Transplant: In this process, the antibodies attacking the donor’s kidney are removed, which lowers the risk of rejection of transplant in the patient’s body. It is beneficial for patients with a high level of antibodies.
  • ABO-Incompatible Kidney Transplant: Under this procedure, the surgery is performed even when the donor’s blood type and patient’s blood type are incompatible. A patient is kept under extensive medical treatment before and after the surgery to avoid any health risks.

What is the Procedure for Kidney Transplant?

The doctors follow a comprehensive and legitimate procedure for Kidney Transplantation Surgery. The duration of the surgery may extend to two to four hours, depending upon the complications. The surgery is done after administering anesthesia to the patient. The surgery starts by making an incision in the patient’s abdomen. The next step follows placing the donor kidney inside the right iliac fossa. The doctors then connect the veins and arteries of the heart to the donated kidney. This ensures the smooth flow of blood, and this further attaches the new kidney’s ureter to the bladder for the urination process. The original kidney of the patient is not removed from the body unless it is infectious or causing serious health problems. The best kidney transplant hospitals in Mumbai provide extensive care even after the surgery. After the procedure, the patient must be continuously observed by a team of Urologists and Nephrologists for recovery signs in ICU. The patient is generally advised to take proper self-care even after the surgery to avoid any infection or risk.

By Anita Gale

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