Bariatric Surgeries

Bariatric surgery is a type of weight-loss surgery that has been proven to be the most effective way for people who are obese or morbidly obese, to lose weight. There are many different types of bariatric surgeries, so it’s important you know which one is best for you and your needs. In this blog post, we will review the 2 main types of Bariatric Surgery in Singapore.

  1. The sleeve gastrectomy
  2. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB)

The sleeve gastrectomy

The sleeve gastrectomy has become the simplest and most popular bariatric surgery in Singapore and its permanent. Using this procedure, some part of the stomach is removed.  The person’s stomach will then shrink to the size and shape of an egg, which takes away hunger pangs because it no longer has enough room for food intake.

This type of procedure can be done in two ways:

  1. Laparoscopically
  2. Open

Laparoscopic procedure

The laparoscopic procedure for the sleeve gastrectomy is a minimally invasive surgery done through small incisions and which does not require any general anesthesia. This process involves using an endoscope inserted into one of the abdominal areas (usually on the patient’s right side, near their navel) to remove some part of the stomach while leaving other  parts intact. This procedure does not require any stitches so it is very easy to recover from.

Open Procedure

The open procedure for the sleeve gastrectomy is a traditional surgery. This process involves making an incision from the patient’s lower abdomen (usually below their navel) up to their rib cage, removing some of the stomach and then sewing it back together with stitches or staples. The recovery time will be longer than that of laparoscopic  sleeve gastrectomy, but it will be easier to perform.

Pros

There are many benefits associated with this form of bariatric surgery including increased levels of good cholesterol, decreased triglycerides and blood pressure as well as weight loss over time. In some cases there may also be less joint pain due to better postural alignment after shedding pounds thanks to lower body mass index (BMI)  and the removal of excess weight.

Cons

The sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive surgery, so it is not possible to eat a full range of foods. In order for the weight loss benefits to last over time and for the gastric sleeve procedure to be successful, patients must adhere strictly with their diet plan after surgery – this includes limiting themselves to small portions of food when eating at all.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

The Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) is also a popular type of bariatric surgery in Singapore and it is similar to the sleeve gastrectomy but It is not permanent. It involves restricting the stomach in order to limit food intake and help patients lose weight. It can be performed either as an open procedure, laparoscopically or through keyhole surgery –  whatever is best suited for the patient’s individual needs. One of the first steps of this process is to cut off about 75% of your stomach and then pull up part of that section, so after it heals there will only be enough room in your stomach for about 25%. This leaves less space for food consumption which ultimately results in losing weight over time with reduced hunger pangs because you are not able to eat large amounts at one time.

Pros

Surgery can result in an average weight loss of at least 60% within 12 months and may also be associated with improved quality of life due to reduced joint pain, less fatigue as well as fewer digestive problems such as indigestion or bloating. In some cases surgery may even help lower blood sugar levels for diabetics.

Cons

The RYGB is a restrictive form of bariatric surgery that requires patients to adhere strictly to their diet plan post-surgery so they don’t eat large portions which could cause them to become very ill from overeating – this includes items like high fats foods (including fried food), processed meats, salt/sugar rich foods (including candy and desserts) as well as liquids.

Conclusion

There are many types of bariatric surgeries in Singapore available for patients who need to lose weight, and each type is different depending upon the needs and wants of those seeking this form of medical procedure. We’ve covered two popular options above – sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, all of which have different levels of pros and cons, benefits as well as drawbacks.  It is important to fully understand the risks, benefits and limitations for each before moving forward with any type of surgery.

 

By Jack

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