Business, also known as Monopoly in many parts of the world, is a classic board game that has entertained families and friends for generations. It’s a game of strategy, negotiation, and luck, where players buy, sell, and trade properties to become the wealthiest participant. Understanding The Business Board Game Rules is essential to enjoying the game to its fullest. This guide will provide a detailed look at the rules and strategies to master the game.

Objective of the Game

The primary objective of Business is to become the wealthiest player through the acquisition, trading, and development of properties, ultimately driving opponents into bankruptcy.

Components of the Game

The game typically includes:

  • A game board with properties, utilities, and special spaces.
  • Property cards corresponding to each property on the board.
  • Play money in various denominations.
  • Player tokens.
  • Houses and hotels for property development.
  • Chance and Community Chest cards.
  • Two dice.

Setting Up the Game

  1. Board Setup: Place the game board on a flat surface.
  2. Money Distribution: Each player starts with a fixed amount of play money (usually $1500 in the classic version, but this can vary).
  3. Property Cards: Shuffle the Chance and Community Chest cards and place them face down on their designated spots on the board.
  4. Player Tokens: Each player selects a token and places it on the “Go” space.
  5. Banker Selection: Choose one player to act as the banker. The banker is responsible for managing the money, properties, houses, and hotels.


Rolling the Dice

  • Players take turns rolling two dice and moving their token the number of spaces indicated by the dice.
  • After moving, players must take the action corresponding to the space they land on.

Buying Properties

  • If a player lands on an unowned property, they may purchase it by paying the bank the amount listed on the property card.
  • If the player chooses not to buy the property, it goes up for auction, and any player can bid on it.

Paying Rent

  • If a player lands on a property owned by another player, they must pay rent as specified on the property card.
  • Rent increases if the property has houses or hotels on it.

Chance and Community Chest

  • Landing on these spaces requires the player to draw a card from the respective deck and follow the instructions on the card. These cards can have various effects, such as receiving or paying money, moving to different spaces, or other special actions.

Special Spaces

  • Go: Collect $200 whenever you pass or land on this space.
  • Jail: Players can end up in jail by landing on the “Go to Jail” space, drawing a specific card, or rolling three consecutive doubles. Players in jail can get out by paying a fine, using a “Get Out of Jail Free” card, or rolling doubles.
  • Free Parking: This space is typically a resting spot with no action required, though some house rules add bonuses for landing here.
  • Income Tax and Luxury Tax: Players landing on these spaces must pay the specified amount to the bank.

Developing Properties

Houses and Hotels

  • Once a player owns all properties of a color group, they can start building houses and hotels on those properties.
  • The cost of houses and hotels is listed on the property cards.
  • Players must build evenly; you cannot build a second house on one property until all properties in the group have one house.


  • Players can mortgage properties to the bank for half their value to raise money. Mortgaged properties cannot collect rent.
  • To lift the mortgage, the player must pay the mortgage value plus interest.

Trading and Negotiation

  • Players can trade properties, money, and “Get Out of Jail Free” cards at any time. This is where strategy and negotiation skills come into play.

Bankruptcy and Winning the Game

  • A player is declared bankrupt if they owe more than they can pay in rent, tax, or fines, and cannot raise the money through selling properties or mortgaging.
  • The game continues until all but one player are bankrupt, or a time limit is reached, and the wealthiest player is declared the winner.

Strategies for Success

Property Acquisition

  • Aim to acquire complete sets of properties to start building houses and hotels quickly. This increases your income from rent dramatically.
  • Properties in the same color group provide better returns, so prioritize completing sets over owning random properties.

Managing Finances

  • Keep a balance between buying properties and maintaining enough cash to pay rents and other expenses.
  • Avoid going bankrupt early by overextending your finances.


  • Be strategic in trades. Always aim to gain an advantage, whether through acquiring needed properties or improving your cash flow.
  • Use your negotiation skills to make beneficial trades, especially with players desperate to complete their sets.


  • Focus on developing properties with the highest return on investment. Typically, mid-range properties offer the best balance of cost and rent.
  • Building houses quickly can secure your financial dominance, but don’t neglect to upgrade to hotels when possible.


  • Adapt your strategy based on the game’s progress and other players’ actions. Flexibility can give you an edge in changing circumstances.


Understanding The Business Board Game Rules is crucial for mastering the game and outwitting your opponents. With strategic property management, careful financial planning, and smart negotiation, you can navigate the game successfully. Whether you’re playing with family or friends, these rules and strategies will help you enjoy and excel in the timeless classic of Business


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