Gum disease is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and the bacteria that live in it. This causes the gums to become inflamed, irritated and red. It can also lead to the loss of teeth if left untreated.
The most important thing you can do to prevent gum disease is to brush and floss your teeth daily. You should also have regular dental check-ups and cleanings to keep your teeth and gums healthy.
Dentists recommend that patients of all ages should brush their teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste. You should also use floss or interdental brushes to clean in between your teeth and remove food particles.
Avoid tobacco and alcohol – Both of these can exacerbate gum disease. Smoking, in particular, is linked to the development of more severe gum disease Jackson TN and can be hard to treat.
Genetic predisposition – Some individuals may have a greater risk of developing gum disease than others because of their immune system’s response to certain types of bacteria. This type of predisposition can be detected through genetic testing.
Other risk factors include poor diet, smoking, pregnancy, menopause, and certain health conditions such as diabetes. Chronic stress and a weakened immune system can also make an individual more susceptible to gum disease.
A thorough dental examination is carried out by a dentist, who may insert a thin metal stick with a bend in one end (periodontal probe) beside your teeth and jaw bone to assess the condition of your gums. In more serious cases, x-rays may be taken to show any signs of bone loss around the teeth.
You should see a dentist if your gums are swollen, red and bleed easily when you brush them. This is an early sign of gum disease and you should make an appointment to have it treated as soon as possible.
Mild gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be treated at home, with help from your dentist or dental hygienist. This will involve a thorough cleaning to remove any plaque and tartar build-up from your teeth, as well as teaching you good oral hygiene techniques.
Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis and can cause major damage to the surrounding tissue and bone supporting the teeth. This is when your teeth begin to loosen and fall out, if left untreated.
Symptoms of gum disease Jackson TN range from simple to very serious and can include bleeding when you brush your teeth, red or swollen gums, and bad breath. Your dentist will examine your gums and look for any signs of infection or inflammation.
You can fight the bacteria in your mouth and reduce your chances of gum disease by avoiding tobacco, eating a balanced diet, drinking plenty of water and getting regular exercise. Your dentist can also prescribe an antimicrobial oral rinse that helps reduce bacteria and sooth your gums.