Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri:
On “I’d” (the Day of Sacrifice, i.e., 10th of Dhul-Hajj)
Allah’s Apostle went out to perform “Umra.” When he reached Sarif, he said, “Anyone who has not got the Hadi and likes to do Umra on this day may do so.” A man from the people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I have nothing (to wear), but I am in desperate need (of it).” So the Prophet told him to wear his Izar, carry his shoes, leave his Rida behind, and go for ‘Umra. Thus he set out on a group of people till-until he reached ‘Arafat, where he addressed the people. Allah’s Apostle said, “Tomorrow we will stay here, and it will be a day of Tahajjud (optional prayer) for us.” So the people spent the night till morning in a state of fear and were looking for the bad omen of an owl. (“Bukhari Book 24 Number 573”)
The Prophet [s] accepted that man’s asking because he wanted to give him the motivation to go back home and do something for his religion. He was then at Umrah that time, so there is no harm to let him do so while he can still carry his shoes while walking. The Prophet [s] did not force him instead motivated him saying, “Anyone who has not got the Hadi and likes to do Umra on this day may do so.” This shows that it will be a big reward from Allah as doing rituals in Hajj attracts more compensation than those being done outside of Hajj.
In another hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas, he said: “On the Day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijjah) a group from among the Companions of Muhammad [s] came to me, and they could not perform Hajj due to some reasons. So I went out walking with them. I found a man performing Tawaf around the Kaaba and asked him, “Where did you come from?” He replied, “From Syria.” I asked, “On which day did you perform hajj?” He replied, “I have just performed Umrah.” I asked him, “With what intention have you performed the umrah?” He replied,
“For Allah,” and added that he had finished his business in Arabia and therefore he had happened to stay there only for a few days. Abdullah bin Abbas [r] said: When I heard his statement, my eyes were filled with tears, and I felt as if I was looking at a scene from the Days of Ignorance. If this man were one among the people of Al-Madinah, it would have been very hard on us to stop him from going out (for umrah).
But we did not let him go. So I asked him, “What stopped you from performing hajj along with your companions?” He said, “We have no sacrificial animals with us.” Abdullah bin Abbas [r] sent a message to Ali bin Abi Talib, and he sent his (Ali’s) sacrificial animal, called Al-Qaswa’, which is short like an Uhud but taller than it.
Anas said: “Allah’s Messenger (s) permitted for women to perform Hajj without Hijab on the condition that they do not put on perfume.” (Bukhari Book #52, Hadith #255 & 256)
This hadith shows that Allah does not care about outer beauty as long as one covers their reasons for Islam. Thus one doesn’t need to come with Hijab to Islam as it will be hard to do so when traveling.
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Hanafi Fiqh states that the traveler can combine the Umrah and Hajj into one ritual act at any point in time during the year, except the days of Tashriq (11-13th of Dhul-Hijjah). This ruling includes both men and women, whether their travel is for business purposes or performing Hajj. One does not have to perform Umrah first before performing Hajj.
The only condition is that they must return home after combining these rituals within a certain number of days. Some scholars say that one must return home within 4 days, while others say it is enough to be merely outside the Haram (“Haram” means a particular territory.) Thus, if one wishes to travel for Hajj and Umrah purposes simultaneously, they may do so by traveling any distance as long as they are outside of Mecca and Medina during “Tashriq”. If one travels from another country with no Tashriq period, then that does not matter. In either case, the traveller will have to shorten their prayers until they return to Mecca.
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